Hello and welcome to our travel guide specialized in Travel to the North of the planet. Today we are going to talk about the Arctic. If you are here, it may be because you are curious about what would happen if you were stranded in the Arctic. Well, do not worry, we have you covered.
What is the Arctic?
The Arctic is the northernmost region of the Earth located around the North Pole. It consists of the Arctic Ocean and parts of Canada, Russia, Greenland, the United States, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland. It is a harsh environment to survive in, given that during the winter months, the temperature can reach -50°C.
What to do if you’re stranded in the Arctic?
First of all, try not to panic. Staying calm is the key to survival. Here are some tips to help you:
1. Find or create shelter
Shelter is necessary to protect you from the extreme cold weather. Look for natural shelters such as caves, rock formations, or overhanging cliffs. If you cannot find one, then create one with the resources available to you. Use branches, leaves, snow, or bark to make a shelter that can accommodate your body and retain heat.
2. Start a fire
Fire is essential to keep you warm, cook food, melt snow for drinking water, and signal rescue teams. Gather dry wood, leaves, birch bark, and other flammable materials, and use a lighter or matches to start a fire. Keep the fire burning as long as possible, and make sure to maintain a safe distance to avoid getting burned.
3. Signal for help
You need to make sure that rescue teams know your location. Use signals such as smoke, mirrors, flares, or anything that reflects light to attract attention. If you have access to a GPS locator or a satellite phone, use it to send out distress signals. The more visible and frequent your signals are, the greater your chances are of being rescued.
4. Stay hydrated and nourished
It is vital to stay hydrated and nourished to survive in the Arctic. Melt snow or ice and boil it before drinking to eliminate harmful bacteria or viruses. Look for food sources such as fish, small mammals, birds, and edible plants. You can also carry non-perishable food items such as energy bars, nuts, and dried fruits, in case of emergency.
5. Stay warm and dry
Warmth and dryness are essential to avoid hypothermia, frostbite, and other cold-related injuries. Wear multiple layers of clothing made of breathable and moisture-wicking materials, and avoid cotton, as it retains moisture. Cover your head, hands, and feet with insulated hats, mittens, and boots, and avoid sweating by removing or adding layers as needed.
That’s it. These are some essential tips that can help you survive if you are stranded in the Arctic. Remember that staying calm and using your resources wisely is the key to survival. Do not forget to carry a survival kit that contains these items and other essentials such as medical supplies, a knife, and a waterproof map of the area.