Exploring the Relationship between Greenland and the EU: Are Greenlanders Considered EU Citizens?

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Are Greenland EU citizens? This is a question that many people ask when planning their travel to the North of the planet. To answer this question, we need to first understand the geography and politics of Greenland.

Geography and Nature of Greenland

Greenland is the world’s largest island, located in the North Atlantic Ocean. Despite its name, it is mostly covered in ice and snow, with a few small areas of green vegetation. The island is known for its stunning natural beauty, with rugged mountains, glaciers, and fjords. The climate is Arctic, with long, dark winters and short, cool summers.

If you are planning a trip to Greenland, be prepared for cold temperatures and harsh weather conditions. It is important to dress in layers and bring warm clothing, as well as sun protection and sturdy shoes.

Politics and Government of Greenland

Greenland is an autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark. While it is technically part of the European Union, it is not fully integrated and does not have the same rights and privileges as EU member states.

Greenland has its own government and parliament, and is responsible for its own internal affairs. However, Denmark handles foreign and defense policies. Greenland is also not a member of the Schengen Area, which means that travelers from other EU countries may need a visa to enter.

Traveling to Greenland

If you are an EU citizen planning a trip to Greenland, you will need a valid passport but may not require a visa. However, it is always best to check with your local embassy or consulate to confirm the requirements before you travel.

Greenland is a remote and sparsely populated destination, with limited transportation options. The main airport is located in Kangerlussuaq, and from there you can connect to smaller airports and towns around the island. It is also possible to travel by boat in the summer months, but this can be a long and challenging journey.


As we have seen, Greenland is an autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark and is not fully integrated into the European Union. While EU citizens may not need a visa to enter, it is important to check the requirements before you travel. If you are planning a trip to Greenland, be prepared for harsh weather conditions and limited transportation options, but also the opportunity to experience some of the world’s most stunning natural beauty.

So pack your bags and embark on an adventure to discover the breathtaking sights of Greenland.

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