Siachen Glacier is a Glacier located in the Khaplu Ghanche district of Baltistan division, Gilgit Baltistan. 47 miles long Glacier Situated in the Northeast of Karakoram range in the Himalayas. However, some part of this glacier is towards Laddakh India. Also, you can say this is located on the Line of Control between Pakistan and India.
Derivation of Siachen
The word Siachen is a combination of two balti language words “Sia” and “Chen”. Sia is a rose plant found in the Baltistan region and Chen means excess. Balti people grow this rose in their houses to decorate and for beauty. In ancient times, people used its leaves to make green tea
The weather conditions are very severe here. In the summers the temperature is -5 to -15. In the winter temperature drop up to -50. At this high peak, where the wind is very fast along with that the oxygen level is too low. The Siachen Glacier is located 20000 feet above sea level.
Siachen is the highest battlefield between Pakistan and India. Pakistan and India attack each other many times since 1948. Both nations are carrying on a military presence in the region at a height of over 20,000 ft.
In Gayari sector of the Siachen Glacier, massive ice struck a military base headquarter of Pakistan army on April 7, 2012. Almost 129 soldiers and 11 civilian contractors died in this incident. Although Avalanches are not common in the Gayari sector. This Avalanche fell on the base at midnight. Rescue operation was instantly started by the Pakistani military early in the morning.
Another Avalanche in the Siachen region hit the Indian military base on 3rd February 2016. Almost 10 soldiers were killed in this Avalanche. Both countries are spending huge amounts on maintaining the troops in the Siachen region. More soldiers in the Siachen area have died due to the severe weather than wars or opponents firing. Thousands of soldiers of both countries have died so far in this region.